On December 9, 2016, Apis Cor, a San Francisco and Russian based company, began constructing a house in a privately owned facility in Russia using nothing but a crane and an industrial sized 3D printer. After the house had finished being built, workers were brought in to paint, install windows and furniture, as well as check for any structural problems, of which there were none. So what is it that makes this house so special? 3D printed houses are no new thing, after all. Well this was the first to be completely constructed on site, not made somewhere in a factory and then shipped and assembled. It was also finished in a mere 24 hours. If that isn’t impressive enough, the whole thing costed just over $10,000, or about $25 dollars per square foot. And while that may seem like a lot of money, it is incredibly cheep when compared to the average $150 per square foot for a house that is 2,000 square feet here in the United States
The house itself is 400 square feet with three protrusions from the center that are used to both increase usable space as well as separate the six sections of the house, such as the living room, bathroom, kitchen and dinning room. The home is also furnished with Samsung brand Smart Appliances, such as a TV that is curved to match the curvature of the house, a small refrigerator/freezer combo, a washer and dryer, and much more, all of which was donated by Samsung. Apis Cor, the leading company of the project, partnered with five other companies to make this incredible feat possible. The largest partner was Samsung, followed by some large Russian companies. The house was not built in a place where it could be usable, because it is more of a proof of concept; however, if one wished to live in the house they would be very comfortable.
Apis Cor has stated that the pure construction costs of the house, that is, the cost of building, not furnishing and painting, ect, is 70% less than that of a normal house of the same size in the US. A special aerated cement that is capable of holding its own weight as well as much more was used as the 3D “ink” or filament. This special cement was made on site by an Apis Cor factory.
Apis Cor has stated that they hope this project will eventually lead to a new age in public housing options as well as disaster relief, as a large house can now be created quickly.